By J. E. Cirlot
At each level of civilization, humans have trusted symbolic expression, and advances in technological know-how and know-how have in basic terms elevated our dependence on symbols. an important a part of the traditional arts of the Orient and Western medieval traditions, symbolism underwent a twentieth-century revival with the research of the subconscious. certainly, symbolic language is taken into account a technology, and this informative quantity bargains an vital device within the learn of symbology. Its alphabetical entries--drawn from a various diversity of resources, together with all the significant international religions, astrology, alchemy, numerology, heraldry, and prehistoric art--clarify the basic and unvarying meanings of every image. even if used as a reference or browsed for excitement, this informative quantity bargains a necessary key to elucidating the symbolic worlds encountered in either the humanities and the background of rules. 32 b/w illustrations.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Symbols
Jung emphasizes the twofold value of psychological interpretation; it has thrown new light upon dreams, daydreams, fantasies and works of art, while on the other hand it provides confirmation of the collective character of myths and legends (31). He also points out that there are two aspects of the xlvii P S Y C H O L O G I C A L I N T E R P R E TAT I O N interpretation of the unconscious: what the symbol represents in itself (objective interpretation), and what it signifies as a projection or as an individualized ‘case’ (subjective interpretation).
To return to the relationship between, or identity of, the symbol and the archetype, we might say that the latter is the mythical and merely human aspect of the former, whereas a strict system of symbols could exist even without human consciousness, since it is founded upon a cosmic order determined by those ‘vertical’ relationships which we mentioned when commenting upon the ‘common rhythm’ of Schneider. In short, it is a synthesis which transmutes systems of vibrations, echoing one basic and original ‘model’, into a spiritual idiom expressed usually in the numerical series.
Mythological dictionaries provide many examples in which realistic portrayal deprives them of symbolic value. Thus, according to Cochin, Cruelty is depicted as a fearful hag smothering a child in its cradle and laughing in the firelight; and Dusk as a youth with a star on his forehead and the black wings of a bat, fleeing beneath a veil representing night. Even more mechanical are the allegories representing science, the arts or industry. Cosmography is usually shown as an old woman; she wears a blue cape studded with stars while her dress is earth-coloured.
A Dictionary of Symbols by J. E. Cirlot