A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of by Charles G. Gross PDF

By Charles G. Gross

Neuroscientist Charles Gross has been attracted to the historical past of his box due to the fact that his days as an undergraduate. A gap within the Head is the second one number of essays within which he illuminates the research of the mind with interesting episodes from the previous. This volume's stories diversity from the historical past of trepanation (drilling a gap within the cranium) to neurosurgery as painted by means of Hieronymus Bosch to the invention that bats navigate utilizing echolocation.

The emphasis is on blind alleys and error in addition to triumphs and discoveries, with old practices attached to fresh advancements and controversies. Gross first reaches again into the beginnings of neuroscience, then takes up the interplay of artwork and neuroscience, exploring, between different issues, Rembrandt's "Anatomy Lesson" work, and eventually, examines discoveries by means of scientists whose paintings was once scorned of their personal time yet confirmed right in later eras.

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"The assurance of themes is breathtaking. .. . The reader will emerge with a far deeper and nuanced figuring out of altruism in examining this publication, the easiest on altruism within the final 15 years. "
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"Can there be an excessive amount of of an excellent factor? absolutely, consuming too many chocolate chip cookies will result in a sore abdominal, yet an excessive amount of altruism bringing approximately damage? ! In Pathological Altruism, specialists in different fields contemplate the phenomenon of radical altruism, from battered ladies to suicide martyrs, and from autistic humans to international relief givers, and the entire method to Mahatma Gandhi. Is pathological altruism a disorder, an habit, an evolutionary relic, or even a mirage? it is a splendidly enticing and concept scary ebook: you'll no longer accept as true with all of its arguments, yet you'll by no means examine kindness particularly an identical method back. " --Oren Harman, Chair of the Graduate software in technological know-how, know-how and Society at Bar Ilan college, Israel, and writer of the cost of Altruism

"WOW-what a ebook! Can one be too great? during this attention-grabbing quantity Barbara Oakley and her collaborators express how altruism can bleed into lost, over the top, self-righteous, or self-serving pathologies. Why this happens and its societal implications make this ebook crucial examining for someone who actually cares approximately assisting others. " --Paul Zak, Professor of Economics and Director, heart for Neuroeconomics reports, Claremont Graduate college, co-editor of ethical Markets: The serious function of Values within the economic system

"Pathological altruism? feels like an oxymoron, yet this interesting ebook quick convinces you that altruism can cross heavily mad and undesirable. the good breadth and caliber of individuals to this e-book from psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy - and that's simply the 'P's' - make clear the darkish facet of our evolutionary propensity in the direction of altruism, that are subverted to a variety of pathologies similar to survivor guilt, drug co-dependency, character issues, and consuming problems. while within-group altruism is exploited to between-group hostility, it may well bring about suicide martyrdom and genocide. " --Robert Plomin, MRC learn Professor and Deputy Director, Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's collage London; writer of Behavioral Genetics (now in its fifth edition), and past-president of the habit Genetics organization

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"Overall, this can be a well-written, simply understandable number of typological (epidemiological) investigations into "altruism's gloomy underbelly" (p. 7)asserting that "some everyone is pathological altruists of their essence" (Krueger, p. 298). From its doubtless oxymoronic identify to the ultimate bankruptcy, the content material flows logically in a coherent, transparent, and convincing presentation of all elements of altruism. eventually, the booklet provides to the turning out to be clinical exam of empathy and prosocial habit. it's a needs to learn for clinicians and researchers drawn to those fields. " -- Lora Humphrey Beebe, PhD, matters in psychological healthiness Nursing

"Apparently no longer, a minimum of for many humans. the most effective items in Pathological Altruism is David Brin's bankruptcy on habit to indignation: "Self-addiction and Self-righteousness. " it's possible you'll see why trying to think outraged as frequently as you could is pathological, yet how may overweening, self-righteous huffiness ever be defined as altruistic? " -- la evaluation of Books

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Additional info for A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience

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3 Mapping of connectivity with strychnine neuronography. The image on the top left shows the surface of the chimpanzee cortex, indicating the extent and location of functional subdivisions of the sensory cortex of the arm, numbered as bands II through X, and adjacent bands I and XI. The diagram on the top right shows a summary of the functional (and anatomical) relations detected with strychnine neuronography between cortical bands I through XI. “Anterior border” and “posterior border” mark the limits of sensory cortex, and “F CE” marks the fissura centralis (also called the Rolandic fissure).

9 In a very large social group, perhaps as large as the entire human population, it is often possible to connect two individuals via surprisingly short paths of contact or 18 Chapter 2 acquaintanceship—the world of social relationships is a “small world,” much smaller than might be expected given the size of the social network. The problem was first treated mathematically in a draft paper that was widely circulated for two decades before finally being published in the inaugural issue of the journal Social Networks (Pool and Kochen, 1978).

One of the drawbacks of CSEM is that it does not explicitly model neural time series or temporal changes in experimental context (Stephan, 2004). , 2003; Stephan and Friston, 2007). 4). This inference is carried out by a comparison of neuronal models that include structural and biophysical parameters describing neural populations and their interactions, as well as a hemodynamic mechanism for the generation of fMRI signals. DCM identifies distributions of parameters that can account for observed fMRI data, and DCM also selects the model that describes the data most accurately and most parsimoniously by quantifying the model evidence.

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A Hole in the Head: More Tales in the History of Neuroscience by Charles G. Gross

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