By Jonathan Dean Sarris
Most american citizens contemplate the Civil battle as a chain of dramatic clashes among significant armies led via romantic-seeming leaders. yet within the Appalachian groups of North Georgia, issues have been very diversified. concentrating on Fannin and Lumpkin counties within the Blue Ridge Mountains alongside Georgia’s northern border, A Separate Civil struggle: groups in clash within the Mountain South argues for a extra localized, idiosyncratic figuring out of this momentous interval in our nation’s historical past. The publication unearths that, for lots of members, this struggle was once fought much less for summary ideological motives than for purposes tied to domestic, kin, pals, and community.
Making use of a giant trove of letters, diaries, interviews, govt records, and sociological info, Jonathan Dean Sarris brings to lifestyles a formerly obscured model of our nation’s so much divisive and damaging struggle. From the outset, the possibility of secession and conflict divided Georgia’s mountain groups alongside the strains of race and faith, and warfare itself merely heightened those tensions. because the accomplice govt started to draft males into the military and grab provides from farmers, many mountaineers grew to become extra disaffected nonetheless. They banded jointly in armed squads, combating off accomplice infantrymen, kingdom armed forces, and their very own pro-Confederate associates. an area civil conflict ensued, with both sides seeing the opposite as a hazard to legislation, order, and neighborhood itself. during this very own clash, either factions got here to dehumanize their enemies and use equipment that surprised even professional squaddies with their savagery. but if the conflict used to be over in 1865, every one faction sought to sanitize the earlier and combine its tales into the nationwide myths later popularized in regards to the Civil struggle. through arguing that the cause of settling on facets had extra to do with neighborhood matters than with competing ideologies or social or political visions, Sarris provides a much-needed hardship to the query of why males fought within the Civil War.
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Additional resources for A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South
During the Nullification Crisis, pro-Calhoun residents rallied under the leadership of Auraria Western Herald editor A. G. Fambrough to assert “southern rights” in defiance of “the military chieftain” Jackson. 37 While numerous local, familial, and traditional alignments influenced voting behavior in antebellum Georgia, economic concerns were also significant. In Lumpkin County, it seems probable that residents shaped their political sympathies in accordance with their relationship to and opinion of the market revolution engulfing the nation in the four decades preceding the Civil War.
He lived on nuts, fruit, and wild game, and niggers would slip food to him. 31 Of course, most Appalachian slaves did not run away, attack slave patrols, or plan organized rebellions. Most resisted slavery by building a rich and autonomous cultural system that insulated them from the soulcrushing system of human bondage. They forged a collective spiritual consciousness in church services, wedding ceremonies, and funeral rites. They built resilient family structures that endured through sale, separation, and punishment.
48 Like the waters, settlers came from all points of the compass. Many pushed north from the lowlands; others came west from Habersham County. Many others did not come from Georgia at all. One of the first to settle permanently in the region was Lewis Vanzant, who moved there from western North Carolina in 1834. Settling near the Toccoa River, Vanzant established a trading post that became the germ of a small town known as the Dial community. Vanzant employed local Cherokee as builders, engaged in a lively trade with the Natives, and prospered.
A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South by Jonathan Dean Sarris