An Introduction to Political Philosophy - download pdf or read online

By A. R. M. Murray

ISBN-10: 0203851684

ISBN-13: 9780203851685

First released in 1953, this seminal creation to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political thought and for the final reader. After an creation and is the reason the character and function of philosophy, Dr Murray presents a severe exam of the primary theories complex by means of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying targeted awareness to modern issues.

The ebook additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical value in modern politics, with distinct connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the various ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic structures of presidency are finally established upon various theories of common sense.

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Sample text

The essential features of an organism are most simply illustrated by the human body. g. g. g. the appendix). According to the Organic Theory, all these propositions are true of a political society. It is not a mere collection of individuals, but has an organic unity of its own. For this reason, there can be no real conflict between its interest and the true interests of its constituent members. And,finally,different members, or classes of members, have different functions to perform and different levels of importance.

Gymnastic exercises and athletics). Education in these subjects is to be normally followed, at the age of eighteen, by two years* military training after which, for the majority of citizens, the process of education is complete. 1 They are to be subjected to 'ordeals of toil and pain*, and exposed successively to terrors and temptations, and only those who pass through these ordeals without departing from the standards of conduct prescribed in their earlier education will be accepted as probationers for the office of guardian.

And, just as in our analogy light and vision were to be thought of as like the Sun, but not identical with it, so here both knowledge and truth are to be regarded as like the Good, but to identify either with the Good is wrong. 2 The exact meaning of this passage is far from clear, but at least it implies that the Form of the Good is far more complex and fundamental than a simple universal like * beautiful' or 'blue'. If Socrates had said that goodness is the Form in which good things participate, just as beauty is the Form in which beautiful things participate, the theory would have been comparatively easy to understand, however inadequate it might have appeared.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy by A. R. M. Murray


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